20
jun

This blog discloses a letter sent to the president of the Spanish Government on a Proposed Spanish retroactive reduction of solar PV feed-in tariffs. This is an example of how international investors(US, Germans, Middle Easterns, etc) would never think about investing in this country if Minister Sebastian goes ahead with his “Venezuela-Chaves style” retroactive proposal.

I would appreciate if Moody´s, Standard and Poors and Fitch analysts could review their AA opinion about our country. We should be in credit watch negative once again. Regrettably I strongly believe we do not deserve a AA anymore because our legal insecurity is only comparable to North Korea and their peers in China and Venezuela.

I opine that NO retroactive amendments to Royal Decrees is a must in the “to do list” in order to be a proper and fit AA developed country.

Many moons ago I forecasted a downgrade from AAA to AA. Now I do forecast a new downgrade to A that would translate into a cost of debt increase of at very least 0.50%/0.75% (credit spread premium over Germany).

This new piece of information about Spanish senior officials proposing a a retroactive change to Royal Decrees (Reales Decretos) just like that makes me wonder our huge legal insecurity once again.

See letter below.

Presidencia del gobierno
Complejo de la Moncloa
Avda. Puerta de Hierro, s/n.
28071 Madrid

D. José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, President of the Spanish Government
Copy to: D. José Enrique Serrano, Chief of Staff of the Presidency
Madrid, May 27, 2010

Subject: Proposed Spanish retroactive reduction of solar PV feed-in tariffs

Dear President,
We are a group of international investors and investment managers who invest longterm
capital on behalf of global pension funds and insurance companies whose beneficiaries
are millions of workers – both governmental and private – around the world. Collectively we
hold investments in Spanish solar photovoltaic projects with a value of about €3 billion.

These projects have been financed with nearly €400 million of our clients’ and shareholders
funds and with approximately €2.6 billion of loans from Spanish and European banks. Our
investors seek low-risk, regulated assets, thus we made these investments relying on the
regulatory assurances of the Spanish Government that the Solar PV tariff under Royal Decree
661/2007 would not be changed or reduced during the life of these projects.

In recent weeks, it has been reported that the Spanish Government might be considering to a
reduction in the Royal Decree 661/2007 tariff for legally built and operating projects,
including those owned by us. Having followed previous tariff negotiations for new renewable
energy projects, we are inclined to believe that such an outcome is not likely. However, as
the Spanish Government has not publicly ruled out retroactivity, we have heightened
concerns that Spain may in fact be considering such an unprecedented and potentially
damaging step. We want to register our strongest possible objection to the consideration of
any such retroactive reduction. It would result in the loss of all or nearly all of our
shareholders’ funds and clients’ pension and insurance funds invested in the equity of these
projects. A substantial portion of the debt funds lent by international and Spanish banks
(including some of the more constrained Cajas) would also be lost and it could have very
serious long-term ramifications for Spain’s ability to attract foreign investment.

We understand that that an unprecedented retroactive change is potentially warranted
because based on mistaken beliefs of “excessive profitability,” a contribution to the “tariff
deficit,” and “swindles and poor practices in the sector.” These assertions are neither
accurate nor warranted and certainly do no apply to our investments. Rather, we call your
attention the following facts surrounding investment under the Royal Decree 661/2007 tariff:

- Solar and wind projects have higher capital costs, but lower operating costs than
conventional power generation. Feed-in tariffs such as those defined in Royal Decree
661/2007 are provided to attract the lowest cost of capital, and to compensate
investors for the substantial risk of large amounts of capital exposed to long-term
repayment from equipment performance and the resource meeting the predicted
level. Without the confidence that capital will be repaid with reasonable profit
offered by the tariff, investors will not invest.

- Our investments were based on market conditions and equipment prices at the time
when the investments were made, not today’s market. That solar PV costs have
fallen since we made our investments is neither a relevant nor logical argument.
Capital expenditures of solar projects are front-loaded and once the project is
constructed installation costs and potential returns are locked in at that time. In fact,
our early investment to support Spain’s renewable energy policy was the foundation
for the technological improvements and efficiencies of scale that allow new projects
to enjoy lower costs today. This initial investment has created the possibility of tariff
reductions for future projects, effectively reducing costs to consumers. Critical to us
in making these pioneering investments was Spain’s promise of long term, stable
regulation and profitability assumptions based on equipment costs and technology
risks at the time.

- Spain has a “tariff deficit” in large part because it is currently choosing not to pass on
to consumers the full cost of either conventional or renewable energy. Of the
accumulated deficit of €17 billion as of December 2009, ca. €3.5 billion is
attributable to special regime generation, primarily wind. The balance is
attributable to system balancing costs and a decision not to pass on high oil and gas
costs in 2007 and 2008. Solar PV is not the underlying problem and is being unfairly
targeted when the real issue lies elsewhere.

- We have heard that certain promoters may have secured the Royal Decree 661/2007
tariff illegally. This is not the case with us. We operate to the highest financial, legal
and operating standards. Investors and promoters who acted lawfully should not be
penalized for the actions of those who did not.

We believe that there are serious implications to Spain of a retroactive tariff change. We are
sure that these have been considered, but in the event that they have not, they could very
well include:

1. Loss of Investor Confidence in Spain.
Our investors include many of the largest pension funds, insurance companies and
sovereign wealth funds in the world. In addition to investments in renewable energy
through us, they make other investments in Spain and Spanish companies – Spanish
government bonds, Spanish corporate bonds and listed and private Spanish equities.
They are aware of the threatened changes and the impact on their investments. They
have made it clear that we should not seek further investments in Spain until the matter
is settled, and make no further investments if retroactive changes are made because it
would lead them to conclude that Spain does not offer a stable regulatory environment
or is respectful of foreign investment. Thus, investment decisions are being delayed
whilst this uncertainty persists and in the absence of decisive action by the Spanish
Government to clarify that such a step will not be taken.

2. Higher Borrowing Costs and Reduced Share Prices.
If a change is made, investors may either stop investing in Spain, or demand higher
returns for the increased risk of investing in Spain. This would be a market-wide reaction,
beyond the investors that we represent. It is likely to manifest itself in two ways. First,
the interest charges for Spanish sovereign and corporate debt will increase. This will
exacerbate Spain’s deficit funding costs and the borrowing costs, and therefore
profitability, of Spanish companies. Second, it may lead to sales in listed Spanish shares,
especially in the utility and infrastructure sectors where long-term stability is essential.
This could significantly reduce the value of shareholdings by Spanish investors, including
Spanish individuals and pension and insurance investors.

3. Loss of investor confidence in renewable energy in all EU countries.
Across the EU, countries are trying to raise capital for renewable energy and low carbon
projects. Raising that capital depends on stable regulation, including stable feed-in
tariffs. Many consider long-term, stable feed-in tariffs the best mechanism to attract the
lowest cost capital to meet the EU’s renewable energy targets. If Spain were to
retroactively change the Royal Decree 661/2007 tariff, investors are likely to assume that
other countries may follow Spain’s example. There is a possibility therefore that action
by Spain will result in reducing investment across Europe, threatening delivery of the
European Commission’s and member states’ renewable energy and climate change
targets.

In short, although it may appear a small action, any retroactive tariff change could have
significant negative ramifications for Spain. The mere discussion of such a change at high
government levels is already undermining confidence in Spain as a place for foreign direct
investment. We are already advising our investors and their Governments of the risk, and
enlisting their strongest diplomatic protests. We are not the source of Spain’s tariff deficit or
other issues, and should not be made to pay for them.

We accept that due to recent cost reductions in technology arising from PV investments in
recent years (which we were part of funding), there should be a managed and reasonable
reduction to the tariff for new solar projects. We support such changes. However this is not
relevant to our existing investments which were made in a different time, and at a different
cost base. We also are willing to cooperate with different improvement initiatives, such as
improved monitoring of the PV fleet and grid management with Red Electrica, R&D initiatives
and closer coordination with the local industry and relevant administrations.

We urge you to promptly and publicly repudiate any retroactive change of the 661 Tariff.
Speedy action is needed to maintain general investor confidence in Spain. Without such a
statement investor confidence will continue to fall and we will clearly have no choice but to
suspend new investment activity and continue to advise our investors of the possible change
under consideration. We will continue to pursue other avenues at our disposal to dissuade
Spain from such a change and should the change occur we will certainly pursue all legal
avenues to seek full compensation for any losses that arise. We do not consider this a matter
of scale or negotiation. We understand that some officials have been reported to be
discussing how much the Royal Decree 661/2007 tariff could be cut. Our unambiguous
position is that no retroactive reduction is acceptable. Any change would undermine our
confidence in Spanish regulatory frameworks going forward with all the attendant
consequences discussed earlier in the letter.

Antonio Rivela
IE Business School
Finance Associate Professor
International MBA

Comentarios

Anónimo 20 junio 2010 - 23:49

[...] [...]

ponent 21 junio 2010 - 00:09

Dear Antonio,
Your letter is accurate and reflect the consequences that such a decision would imply for Spain. This is simply not typical of a serious State. I would prefer to think this is not possible, but the fact of just publishing this proposal is short and clear not serious.

Best regards,
Germán

Pere 21 junio 2010 - 01:43

Dear Antonio,

I’m a student at Harvard University, I managed to pass the admission process as I was regarded highly due to my previous work as installer and productor of PV energy.

I can tell that Spain has been regarded as a reference in clean energy. But now I wander what people at Harvard will think about Spain when I tell them that I can’t continue to pay for my education due to the fact that the Spanish state has ruined me.

All my best,

-Pere

Sam 21 junio 2010 - 08:40

Hi Antonio,

Many thanks for your letter, I agree 100% with you.

This remenber me Hugo Chavez style. The retroactivity would supose the loose of confidence in spanish laws, not only in energy bussines.

Already the damage is done. I am surprise of the short mind of the spanish goverment.

Best Regards,

Sam

Anthony Fane 21 junio 2010 - 14:29

Your letter is well written and very helpfull, thank you. I’m looking at taking a financing mandate in spain for a pv plant, equity and debt, and cannot find answers to the simple questions like; When is the new feed-in tarrif due to be published, and is there any way of safeguarding it in future if they actually retro-actively change the existing one? Also, would that be just a simple breach of contract, someone should seue them? Did you get a reply, and what do you think is likely to happen? Your advise sought! Many thanks. Anthony

eddie 21 junio 2010 - 23:15

Anthony,
Not sure I would be optimistic about the mandate. There should be an announcement by beginning of July. According to those in the meetings with the ministers they seem pretty determined to push the 30% cuts through. Also, not sure how you safeguard against new cuts once retroactivity is introduced. If they do go through, doubt you’ll have much of a mandate left. More serious will be the impairments on the Spanish and French bank loan books. Don’t want to sound negative, but unfornately I’m in a similar situation.

[...] Proposed Spanish retroactive reduction of solar PV feed-in tariffs … [...]

Jamie Slater 10 octubre 2011 - 18:32

Solar PV is without doubt the future, everyone should be behind this technology!

Thrice happy he, who by some shady grove, Far from the clamorous world, doth live his own; Though solitary, who is not alone, But doth converse with that eternal love….

Such subtle covenants shall be made, Till peace itself is war in masquerade….

Arnold 11 noviembre 2012 - 09:50

My coder is trying to persuade me to move to .net from PHP.
I have always disliked the idea because of
the expenses. But he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using Movable-type on a variety of websites for about a year and
am anxious about switching to another platform.
I have heard very good things about blogengine.net. Is
there a way I can transfer all my wordpress content into it?
Any help would be greatly appreciated!

Weight Loss Camps

rabaty 31 agosto 2013 - 16:24

You should check this out…

I saw this really good post today….

rabaty 31 agosto 2013 - 16:50

Great website…

Here are some of the sites we recommend for our visitors…

styczen 5 enero 2014 - 16:16

Website worth visiting…

below you’ll find the link to some sites that we think you should visit…

купить nike air max bw 7 julio 2014 - 14:43

купить nike air max bw

Finance Weblog » Proposed Spanish retroactive reduction of solar PV feed-in tariffs | IE Business School

Dejar un Comentario

*

Utilizamos cookies propias y de terceros para mejorar nuestros servicios y mostrarle contenido relacionado con sus preferencias mediante el análisis de sus hábitos de navegación. Si continua navegando, consideramos que acepta su uso. Puede cambiar la configuración u obtener más información aquí. Aceptar